Ragnar Lodbrok or Lothbrok (Old Norse: Ragnarr Loðbrók, "Ragnar shaggy breeches", modern Icelandic: Ragnar Loðbrók), according to numerous legends and sagas about his life, was a Norse Viking king. He is known from Viking Age Old Norse poetry, sagas, as well as contemporary chronicles. His life and personage are according to modern academia historically dubious. According to traditional literature, Ragnar distinguished himself by many raids against Eastern Europe, Francia, Ireland, and Britain during the 9th century. His legendary kingdom is said to have included parts of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden.